September/October 2005

more feature articles:

An Informal Survey

Jillian Mcdonaldâs Celebrity Relations

By Sylvie Fortin

Call Jillian Mcdonald a relations artist. Relationships are her medium, fleeting encounters her material. Mcdonaldâs works often exist on the margins of art institutions and activate public space in disquieting ways. Yet, they are all about intimacy.


Jillian Mcdonald, detail of Mile Share, 2003, 9-day public performance-installation included in Probing into the Distance, a public art exhibition at CAKFA÷Contemporary Art Forum Kitchener and Area, Kitchener, Ontario (courtesy of the artist)


Jillian Mcdonald, detail of Shampoo, 2001, public performance (courtesy of the artist)


Mcdonald invited strangers to walk or run a mile with her. Each participant could choose a mile with personal significance. The installation in a storefront featured marked maps and photos of participants at their destinations.
Isabella, a Romanian immigrant, led Mcdonald to her high school through her childhood walking route. She had not been there since she was a teenager.


Mcdonald took out an ad in a Winnipeg newspaper inviting strangers to come to a local hair salon for a free shampoo.

If her performance projects÷in Mile Share, 2004, she invited strangers to run a mile with her; in Advice Lounge, 2003, she provided free, non-professional advice to passersby; for Houseplant, 2002-2003, she offered to deliver a houseplant to strangersâ residences; and in Shampoo, 2001, she posted a message in a local newspaper, inviting strangers to come for a free shampoo.

Jillian Mcdonald, Advice Lounge, June 3÷5, 2004, 3-day intervention in storefront for Spasm II Public Art Festival in Saskatoon (courtesy of the artist); also performed at ISEA 2004 in Talinn, Estonia; Art + Technology Symposium at the University of Utah, Salt Lake City; and New Forms Festival in Vancouver.   Jillian Mcdonald, detail of Houseplant, 2003, public performance, Midtown New York  (courtesy of the artist)
Mcdonald invited passersby to seek free, non-professional advice. While participants and the artist were meeting face-to-face, they communicated through a web ălounge interface,ä custom chat application, and webcams.   Mcdonald invited passersby to receive a free houseplant. They could choose it from an installation garden. The artist then delivered and placed it in their home Renée chose a tri-color wandering jew. Mcdonald ate Chinese food with her in her living room.

÷seem light years away from her media works, the focus on relations provides an interpretive continuum.

First came Billy Bob. Thornton, that is. He has, in fact, turned into an obsession of sorts for Mcdonald. Comprised of eleven short video works, Me and Billy Bob, 2003, launched the project which has since expanded in many directions.

For Me and Billy Bob, Mcdonald inserted carefully constructed footage of her image into scenes from Thorntonâs movies, thus creating a compendium of flirtation÷a wink, a light touch, a brief kiss, and a heart break. Together, the eleven short clips seem to reflect a long-time relationship, the presence of this woman in Thorntonâs onscreen life. A website ( brings together the many parts of this private obsession, inserting Mcdonaldâs project in the public domain of online fan culture.


Jillian Mcdonald, still from Me and Billy Bob, 2003, limited edition DVD, 7 minutes, color, black and white, sound (courtesy of the artist)

The photographic work After Billy Bobâs Tattoos, 2004, is an ode to Thorntonâs body art. A series of 13 paired photographs, the work juxtaposes cameo-shaped close-ups of Thorntonâs tattoo, lifted from his official website, with their larger drawn interpretations by Mcdonald. Three aspects of this project are key: the tattoos are drawings for photographs that merge the practices of drawing, performance, and photography in provocative ways; Mcdonald scrupulously and extensively marks her body, positioning her drawn tattoos precisely where Thornton has located them on his own body; Mcdonaldâs tattoos are temporary. These components provide clues as to Mcdonaldâs conception of the represented body as site of projection.

Jillian Mcdonald, detail of Rose Tattoo, from After Billy Bob's Tattoos, 2004, a series of 13 paired photographs documenting the artistâs drawings of Billy Bobâs tattoos on her body in the same locations as Thorntonâs own tattoos (courtesy of the artist)

The video Billy Bob Tattoo June 2004 documents a month-long private performance. Or is it rather a protracted performance for the camera, disguised as private? Or, instead, could it simply be considered a drawing?

Jillian Mcdonald, still from Billy Bob Tattoo June 2004, 2004, video, 40 minutes, color, sound (courtesy of the artist)
Mcdonald drew Billy Bob on her knee every day in June 2004, retracing the previous day's faded outline.

A steady camera is aimed at the artistâs knees. Drawing, a womanâs hands animate the frame. On June 1, they draw a ăBilly Bobä tattoo in black pen and marker. Day after day for the entire month of June, they redraw it, following the faded contours of the previous dayâs inscription. The succession of dates, in the lower right of the frame, acts as a metronome. Something else nonetheless happens within the limited purview of this frame÷or, rather, it happens to us as we watch Mcdonaldâs performance. Every detail is amplified. We become aware of the slightest changes in wardrobe, the length, pattern and texture of the womanâs skirts defining the imageâs upper edge, her rare sporting of pants marking a break in the otherwise regular performance.

Over days, her favorite red ring also dances from finger to finger, and her drawing speed and expertise both increase. The tattoo itself migrates, each temporary redrawing slightly different, each contour a millimeter off, so that, in the end, the work could also be considered an animated drawing.

Drum Solo for Billy Bob, 2004, a 3-minute video-performance, further blurs the line between real life and celebrity. If Mcdonaldâs friends have been sucked into the vortex of her celebrity obsession, Billy Bob himself has not been left untouched. This piece can, in fact, be considered an unknown collaboration as its main actor is the drumstick Thornton gave Mcdonald÷another adoring fan÷from the stage of his New York concert on September 5, 2003.

This is, at least, how Mcdonald frames the piece. Fan delusion or artistic concept, how are we to consider this biographical element? The artist banks on cultural attitudes to celebrity as a central component of her piece. Itâs not just that she is almost stalking Thornton, but also that this work relies on a particular kind of belief, programs it for reception÷the fascinating need to believe in what entertainment media divulge of celebritiesâ public and private lives, to make them a part of our lives. Here, the camera focuses on an open palm onto which the tip of the drumstick beats ăI Love You Billy Bobä in Morse code.

Finally, but this is a provisional finality, the site-specific video works commissioned by Torontoâs Drake Hotel and broadcast on its own television network operate at the intersection of entertainment culture and boutique hospitality.

One video laments Thorntonâs plastic surgery, the other celebrates his new star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. In Billy Bob Got Plastic Surgery÷TV Commercial for the Drake Hotel, 2004, Mcdonald plasters her face with Billy Bob temporary tattoos÷the same design she obsessively drew on her knees in June 2004. The staccato fast-forward editing of her action amplifies its compulsiveness. A succession of short textual fragments, white gothic letters with red, slashed outlines, unemotionally invoke the violence of the surgical knife as they state: ăRecently Billy Bob/had plastic surgery/for no good reason/I can only hope/his face will/go back to normal.ä

There is, however, a limit to every infatuation. Thus, Billy Bob led the way to a number of other projects. Love unrequited is fickle, and Mcdonald moved on to younger, more handsome actors, from Johnny Depp to Vincent Gallo and Daniel Day Lewis. What better way to make an aging actor jealous.

Jillian Mcdonald, detail of site-specific video installation: still from Billy Bob Got Plastic Surgery÷TV Commercial for the Drake Hotel, 2004, video, 30 seconds (courtesy of the artist)

Mcdonaldâs one-sided relationship with Thornton has also insinuated itself into the lives of many of the artistâs friends and acquaintances. Mcdonald relates how, knowing of her project, they started sending her info on Thornton, how her celebrity watch became a vector for communication, a kind of social interface. It has also infiltrated web and fan cultures. This is where it becomes multidimensional. A few days ago, I received a two-line email from Mcdonald reminding me that it was Thorntonâs 50th birthday÷the kind of brief email a thoughtful friend might send to ensure that I donât forget another friendâs birthday.

Just as celebritiesâ formerly private lives are now open season for voracious fans, so does any dealing with celebrity find a way into our own private lives. Performances of celebrity privacy in public, their related and multiple public uses, and their infiltration into our own private lives are, in fact, both central to Mcdonaldâs project and key dimensions of the critique that she offers.

What are we to make of this? Werenât we trained to believe that the society of the spectacle preempted the very possibility of all genuine relation, subsumed all communication? Arenât any of these relations real? Canât real relations grow out of fiction and projection? Canât we use the mass media as a communication vector, convenient shorthand, a readymade? Mcdonaldâs works accelerate the spectacle to its collapse, opening onto a range of practices on the other side of cooptation. This also coincides with other cultural phenomena which somehow shift the relation between celebrities and the rest of us÷blurring the hard line as it draws it all the more assuredly. Think, for example, of three other recent phenomena÷image manipulation unleashed by the personal computer, the culture of sampling, and reality TV.

Jillian Mcdonald, still from Me and Billy Bob, 2003, limited edition DVD, 7 minutes, color, black and white, sound (courtesy of the artist)

Another way to address this question is to ask who, precisely, is this ămeä in Me and Billy Bob? Who is this woman? Is her performance mere narcissism? Is this kind of production different from what most teenagers make with their PCs? The difference is that the woman on-screen functions as a site of projection. ăMeä is a shared and transient pronoun, a ămeä to be adopted multiply.

The other difference is that Mcdonald offers a gendered critique as the presence and actions of the woman she inserts on-screen transcend media conventions. Here, ămeä is an active participant, not merely the object of the male protagonistâs desires. Her desires drive the scenes, and inflect our experience. Neither celebrity nor re-enactor, neither glamorous nor star-like, she is, powerfully, a vehicle.

It is not so much that the media rob us of agency and program our identifications, but rather that they provide tools for the distribution, the collectivization of agency, where oneâs image can be made to be used by others. Identification knows no boundaries, and cannot be limited to carefully crafted roles. Nor is it always unconscious. It can be made into a reflexive vehicle that allows us to understand cultural determinants, and to craft and construct our identities and behaviors otherwise.

Mcdonaldâs video and media works enlist celebrity as a vehicle for a soft critique. This focus on relationship operates both internally within the works, and externally as the artist enlists her presence÷in person and on screen÷as an interface, a zone of projection for our ultimate fantasies. Tapping into fan culture and ăTV boyfriendä phenomena, she lucidly inserts her image, an ordinary girl verging on the pathetic, in momentary and anticlimactic situations where she plays out fantasy scenarios of improbable relationships, fictional encounters, fleeting liaisons.

Jillian Mcdonald is a performance and media artist. She lives in Brooklyn. Her work is currently on view in Wish at COCA Seattle. It will also be featured in Synthesis and Distribution: Experiments in Collaboration at Pace University Galleries in November and at VertexList Gallery, Brooklyn, in December.

Thanks to the Consulate General of Canada in Atlanta for its support of Jillian Mcdonaldâs artist project for the current issue of ART PAPERS, a limited edition work randomly inserted in 3000 copies of the magazine.

Sylvie Fortin is Editor-in-Chief of ART PAPERS. Her feature on Fatimah Tuggarâs digital images was published in the March-April 2005 of ART PAPERS.


ART PAPERS would like to hear from you
Please share with us your thoughts on this FEATURE

Feature Articles | Retrospective | Special Events | Donate | Subscribe
Editorial | Contact | Advertising | About ART PAPERS | Site Credits

Site hosted by VIANETWORKS.NET
Site Developed and Maintained by Visualiti, Inc.

© 2007 ART PAPERS, Inc.